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Types of Glaucoma

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Open-angle glaucoma: The most common type of glaucoma. It is seen in about 1% of society and more than 40 years old. It does not give any symptoms in the early period. As the intraocular pressure rises slowly, the symptoms start slowly, the cornea does not become blurred at first, and the pain is not felt. Sickness may slowly disappear, so patients may not realize it until late. When visual loss was recognized, the damage became permanent. In open-angle glaucoma, the trabecular meshwork, which is the drainage region of the eye, creates a resistance that we can not completely solve. This is a chronic disease. It is likely to be inherited. Today, there is no definitive treatment, but with the available facilities the progression of the disease can be slowed down or stopped. Medicines may need to be used for life. Normal pressure glaucoma: Also known as low pressure glaucoma. Despite normal IOP, there is visual field loss and visual acuity damage. Since these patients have a circulatory defect in the visual nerve, IOP should be taken to the lower end. And this is the opposite. Although IOP is high, there is no loss of visual field and no visible sinus damage. This is called hypertension of the eye and does not require treatment. However, it is necessary to follow up because it can turn into glaucoma in the future. Angle-closure glaucoma: It can be inherited and seen at the same time in different individuals of the same family. It is more frequent in Asians and hypertrophies. In these persons, the anterior chamber is thicker than normal people. The angle between the cornea and the iris is the angle of the trabecular meshwork. As you get older, this angle becomes even narrower depending on the lens's growth and the IOP rises. When the angle is completely closed, acute glaucoma comes to the foreground. IOP suddenly increases in acute glaucoma. The patient feels very painful, and may even have nausea and vomiting. The eye is red, the cornea becomes cloudy. The patient sees haloes around the light and the vision is diminished. This is an emergency. If therapy is delayed, vision is lost. The trabecular meshwork can become squeezed and the disease becomes chronic, which makes treatment more difficult. Pigmented glaucoma: An open-angle glaucoma. It is more common in males. It usually starts at 20-30 years old. It's more frequent in myos. In these persons, the iris is close to the lance, and during the movement, the pigmented pigment giving pale color is poured and the trabecular meshwork is blocked. So the IOP rises. Exfoliation syndrome: In advanced age some people accumulate a material such as hair on the lens. By the action of iris, this material is separated from the place and plugs the drainage channels together with the pigment. Neovascular glaucoma: A very heavy glaucoma. When the eye is involved in diabetes mellitus, vascular occlusion or a condition that prevents it from being fed at any rate, abnormal blood vessels develop in the iris and they progressively open wrinkles. Glaucoma following injury: eye injury, chemical burns or puncture injuries can lead to acute or chronic glaucoma. The cause is usually related to the deterioration of the drainage system. For this reason, people who have experienced eye injuries should be checked at regular intervals. Congenital glaucoma: It is from congenital. Within a few months, the eye becomes apparent with noticeable growth, watering, and cloudiness. If early surgical treatment is not done, it ends with blindness. Glaucoma seen in children: It is the eye strain seen in babies. We can divide this disease in two: a birth congenitally infant, whose first day of birth the baby has big eyes and the colored parts of her eyes are her husband. Due to the water content of the transparent layer; his eyes appear gray. The light becomes uncomfortable, the severe life becomes. There are also those who are caught up in this disease in the later period of birth. While the babies are in the mother's womb (during the period when the water is being manufactured in the eye), the liquid filtering system in the eye is closed with a membrane. On this dice, holes are made towards birth. The liquid from those holes starts to go out. While the baby completes the development in the mother's womb, the fluid filtration system in the eye may not develop sufficiently and eye strain develops. The most common is birth. Among them, the most dangerous group is not the grayish color, the eyes are not very high, but only the eyes are big babies. Because these babies are diagnosed late. For this reason, families should take their children, who have large eyes, can not see the light and have severe life, to an ophthalmologist. The treatment of eye sickness disease in infants is surgery because the fluid outlet channels are not developed in the eye. Babies' eye treatment is difficult. The sooner he is diagnosed for him, the better.

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